Hyderabad, India: The first-ever official triangular tournament of Cricket was not a limited overs game. It was played in 1912. The 1912 Triangular Tournament was played for Test Matches between England, Australia and South Africa. But,being much ahead of the time audience did not encourage it much, making sure it never happens again. Englan won the tournament with 4 wins in their 6 matches. Being deemed a failure, further efforts were never made. Later Asia Cups tried to revive it with little success.
First Triangular Tournaments for Test Matches
Venue: 1912 in England
Participating Nations: England, Australia and South Africa
England won 4 of the 6 test matches and drew 2.
Australia won 2 matches, lost 1 against England.
South Africa could not win any and lost 5 tests.
Asian Test Championships 1998-99 and 2001-02 are the only other instances where more than two countries participated in Test Cricket Championships.
Second Triangular Tournaments for Test Matches
1998-1999 Asian Test Championships
Participants: India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka (Bangladesh did not have ICC Test status then)
Runner’s Up: Sri Lanka
Venue for Final: Dhaka, Bangladesh
Third Triangular Tournaments for Test Matches
2001-02 Asian Test Championship
Participants: Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka (India pulled out due to political tension with Pakistan)
Winner: Sri Lanka
Runner’s Up: Pakistan
Venue for Final: Lahore, Pakistan
Tri-Series in India
Australian Tri-Series from 1980-2008
Tri-Series in Sri Lanka
Triangular Series in England
Tri-Series In South Africa
Tri-Series in Pak, West Indies, Zimbabwe and New Zealand
Triangular One-Day Series: Sharjah The New Mecca of Cricket
Triangular One-Day Series: Results at Other Neutral Venues
Triangular Series in Bangladesh